XIIIth International
NATO Workshop on Political Military Decision Making
Warsaw, Poland 19-23 June 1996
His Excellency Aleksander Kwasniewski; President of the Republic of Poland
Past Patron:
His Excellency Volker Rühe; Minister of Defense of Germany
Board of Advisors:
Mr. Thomas M. Brennan; Vice President, Boeing Defense and Space Group
General Peter Carstens; Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe
Dr. Ing. Fausto Cereti; President, Alenia a Finmeccanica S.p.A. Company
Lieutenant General Paul Cerjan (Ret.); Former President, National Defense University
Air Chief Marshal Sir David Evans (Ret.), GCB, CBE, CBIM; British Aerospace Plc
Major General Kenneth L. Hagemann (Ret.); Former Director of Defense Nuclear Agency
Mr. Robert Hermann; Vice President, United Technologies
Admiral James R. Hogg (Ret.); Director of Strategic Studies Group, United States Navy
Dr. Frank B. Horton III; Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (C3I)
Lieutenant General Giuseppe Degli Innocenti; Italian Military Representative to NATO Military Committee
General George Joulwan, USA; Supreme Allied Commander Europe
State Secretary Andrzej Karkoszka; First Deputy Minister of Defense of Poland
His Excellency Dr. Laszlo Kovacs; Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary
Ambassador Andrzej Krzeczunowicz; Polish Ambassador to North Atlantic Cooperation Council
General Jack N. Merritt (Ret.); President, Association of the United States Army
General Klaus Naumann; Chairman of NATO Military Committee
Lieutenant General Malcolm R. O'Neill; Director, Ballistic Missile Defense Organization
Vice Admiral John T. Parker (Ret.); President, J. T. Parker Associates, Inc.
Mr. John Quilty; Senior Vice President, MITRE Corporation
Ambassador Dr. Hermann Freiherr von Richtofen; German Ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
General John Shalikashvili; Chairman of United States Joint Chiefs of Staff
Lieutenant General Jorn Soder (Ret.); Former German Military Representative to NATO Military Committee
State Secretary Andrzej Towpik; Polish Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs
His Excellency Tiit Vähi; Prime Minister of Estonia
Field Marshal Sir Richard Vincent (Ret.) GBE KCB DSO; Former Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Mr. Alexandr Vondra; First Vice Foreign Minister of the Czech Republic
Lieutenant General Klaus Wiesmann; German Military Representative to NATO Military Committee
Honorary General Chairman:
General George Joulwan, Supreme Allied Commander Europe
Chairman: Dr. Roger Weissinger Baylon
Theme: European Security at the Beginning of a New Century
2:30 - 5:00 P.M. Registration for Workshop and opportunity to visit Warsaw's historic center.
5:25 P.M. Departure for Royal Palace from Victoria Intercontinental Hotel.
5:40 P.M. Welcome by Director of Royal Palace, short tour of State Apartments and Private Apartments.
6:00 P.M. Concert in Senate Room of the Royal Palace by Warszawska Sinfonietta with Zbigniew Graca, conductor, and soloists, Jadwiga Sokolowske, Flute, Malgorzata Zalewska, Harp.
"Concert for Flute, Harp, and Orchestra," by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
6:25 P.M. Welcome by Prime Minister of Poland Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Supreme Allied Commander Europe General George Joulwan, Workshop Chairman Dr. Roger Weissinger-Baylon.
7:00 P.M. Reception and dinner at the Royal Castle State Apartments and address.

"NATO: Towards the Twenty-first Century"
Secretary General Javier Solana 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization 

10:30 P.M. Arrival at Victoria Intercontinental Hotel.


9:00 A.M. OPENING REMARKS at Victoria Intercontinental Hotel
General George Joulwan, Supreme Allied Commander Europe
Dr. Roger Weissinger-Baylon, Workshop Chairman
His Excellency Aleksander Kwasniewski
President of the Republic of Poland 

Central Europe and Poland since 1989. Polish perception of the new security environment in Europe. Tenets of Polish foreign policy as a response to new European conditions. Polish aspirations to NATO membership as part of the process of European integration. Poland's role in the new, cooperative security system in Europe, including its contribution to security, stability, and cooperation in Central and Eastern Europe.

9:20 A.M. NATO IN THE YEAR 2000
General George Joulwan
Supreme Allied Commander Europe 

NATO in the year 2000, including the relationship in Central Europe between stability and progress toward democracy. NATO as the foundation of a new security model in Europe. The maturing of Partnership for Peace and especially the role of practical military cooperation in building trust and confidence, progress toward a Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF) with IFOR as a pilot project for the CJTF.

10:00 A.M. Break
10:30 A.M. Panel discussion by SACEUR, DSACEUR, and the Major Subordinate Commanders of Allied Command Europe.

Chairman: General George Joulwan
Supreme Allied Commander Europe 

General Sir Jeremy Mackenzie KCB OBE
Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe

Admiral Leighton Smith
Commander-in-Chief Allied Forces Southern Europe

Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Johns KCB CBE LVO
Commander-in-Chief Allied Forces Northwestern Europe 

General Dieter Stoeckmann
Commander-in-Chief Allied Forces Central Europe

11:20 A.M. End of session
11:40 A.M. Ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the Saxon Gardens. Laying of wreath in presence of officials of NATO and Polish government.
12:15 A.M. Luncheon at Opera Cafe, Victoria Intercontinental Hotel.
Chairman: Polish State Secretary Andrzej Towpik

His Excellency Zhelyu Zhelev
President of the Republic of Bulgaria

Chairman: Sir Moray Stewart, KCB, D.Litt., United Kingdom Second Permanent Under Secretary of State

Her Excellency Anneli Taina
Minister of Defense of Finland 

In the last few years, Europe has undergone a period of profound change. The Cold War confrontation has ended, but there are now new concerns and new elements of uncertainty. Security has to be understood comprehensively to include not only political and military factors, but also such issues as economic development, environmental questions, and respect for human rights. Another new component in European security is partnership. Countries that just a few years ago were confronting each other are today working together to strengthen stability in Europe. IFOR is the prime example of that. Finland has become a member of the EU, is an observer in the WEU, and is active in PFP. Finland also works for consolidation of Baltic sovereignty. The potential of Russia as a cooperation partner should not be ignored, but it will have to observe the commonly accepted values and principles. A cooperation relationship between Russia and the Baltic nations is a prerequisite for stability in the Baltic Sea area.

Chairman: Professor Dr. Ioan Mircea Pascu, State Secretary, Romanian Ministry of Defense

His Excellency Hans Hækkerup
Minister of Defense of Denmark 

Denmark's strategic focus on northern and Baltic security through its bilateral agreements and activities (with Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Russia) which support PFP, NACC, and peacekeeping; trilateral cooperation including joint exercises among Denmark, Germany, and Poland to bring countries of Central Europe closer to Western structures; the Baltic battalion (BALTBAT) coordinated by Denmark as a contribution to regional security; the Baltic nations' role in IFOR in Bosnia and in a future Combined Joint Task Force; and prospects for NATO's future enlargement.

3:30 P.M. Break
Chairman: Lieutenant General Giuseppe Degli Innocenti, Italian Military Representative to NATO Military Committee 

His Excellency Dr. Lászlo Kovács
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary

Together with its Central European neighbors, Hungary wishes to develop its relationship with NATO as demonstrated by its active role in Partnership for Peace and seeks accession to NATO. In order to improve bilateral cooperation and resolve potential ethnic problems in countries with Hungarian minorities, Hungary has already signed a treaty with Slovakia and plans to develop a similar treaty with Romania. Hungary has begun reorganizing its defense forces, developed a PfP Language Training Center, and conducted joint peacekeeping operations with British and German forces. Hungary continues to contribute to missions of international organizations including the UN and OSCE. Hungary has recently completed its Presidency of the OSCE. Hungary is contributing to IFOR and providing bases in support of IFOR in nearby Bosnia.

4:45 P.M. End of session
6:45 P.M. Departure for Lazienki Palace from Victoria Intercontinental Hotel.
7:00 P.M. Performance at Lazienki Palace of Polish national dances by Polish Army Dance Ensemble.
The Honorable John White 
United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
8:00 P.M. Remarks by Polish Foreign Minister Dariusz Rosati. Dinner at Lazienki Palace hosted by Foreign Minister Rosati
10:40 P.M. Arrival at Victoria Intercontinental Hotel.
Chairman: Ambasssador Thorsteinn Ingolfsson, Icelandic Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council

"Baltic Security"

His Excellency Tiit Vähi
Prime Minister of Estonia 

Estonia's economy continues to grow because of free-market policies, a strong currency, and a democratic legal system. In order to maintain stability, Estonia seeks integration into Western structures. Estonia's progress is demonstrated by its association agreement with the European Union, its status as a WEU associate member, and its membership in NATO's Partnership for Peace. Estonia is working with other Baltic countries to improve regional security through confidence and security building measures and by contributing to the Baltic battalion. Participation in IFOR, with other Baltic countries, shows Estonia's active role in international peace enforcement.

"Security of Latvia: Historical Parallels and Future Challenges"

His Excellency Valdis Birkavs
Foreign Minister of Latvia 

Chairman: State Secretary Andrzej Karkoszka, First Deputy Minister of Defense of Poland

Dr. Istvan Gyarmati, Deputy State Secretary 
Hungarian Ministry of Defense

"Polish Views on the New Security Architecture in Europe"

His Excellency Dariusz Rosati
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland 

The place of Central Europe and Poland in the new design for European security. NATO as a guarantor of stability and development in Central Europe. The role of regional cooperation in securing Europe's and Poland's efforts to deepen and strengthen stability and development.

"The Security Situation in Slovakia"

His Excellency Professor Juraj Schenk
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic 

"Czech Perspectives on NATO and the Future Security of Central Europe" 

First Vice Minister Dr. Alexandr Vondra 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic

10:30 A.M. Break
Chairman: Secretary of State Jerzy Milewski, Advisor to President of Poland for National Security

His Excellency Hennadiy Udovenko
Foreign Minister of Ukraine 

Because of the risk of ethnic and local conflicts, border disputes, and other security challenges, an evolutionary process is needed to develop structural mechanisms that will assure security and stability in Central and Eastern Europe. Ukraine's priority is to achieve integration into the European and world communities. Therefore, Ukraine will further develop its relationship with the Alliance aiming at achieving special partner relations. Ukraine also welcomes cooperation between the Alliance and Russia. Although Ukraine's policy is not to participate in military alliances, Ukraine does not want to be a "buffer zone." Ukraine supports indefinite extension of the Nonproliferation Treaty and contributes to UN peacekeeping operations as well as to IFOR in Bosnia.

11:50 A.M. End of session.
12:30 P.M. Buffet lunch at Opera Cafe, Victoria Intercontinental Hotel.
(BMDO/DNA Special Joint Session)
Chairman: Major General Gary L. Curtin
Director, Defense Nuclear Agency 

The Honorable Paul Kaminski
United States Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology 

His Excellency RNDr. Petr Necas
Czech First Deputy Minister of Defense

Part I: Views of acquisition officials on general economic forces at play in NATO and Partner nations, industry restructuring and consolidation (especially within the defense industry), defense acquisition reform, incentives for armaments cooperation, ways to use technological and manufacturing advances from associated commercial fields. Partner nations' unique problems, i.e., defense conversion, privatization, export control constraints, and the need to achieve competitive contracting processes. 

Mr. Victor Kucera, Vice President R&D
AERO Vodochody a.s. 

Mr. David Manke, President
United Technologies International 

Mr. John Weston, CBE, FRAeS, Chairman and Managing Director
British Aerospace Defence Ltd. 

Part II: Industry perspectives, including experience with improving quality of products and achieving cost reductions, suggestions or proposals on current topics including cooperation, ways to achieve integration of commercial and government acquisition practices, and standards. 

3:45 P.M. Break
Chairman: Ambassador Dr. Hermann Freiherr von Richthofen, Permanent Representative of Germany on the North Atlantic Council 

His Excellency Gyorgy Keleti
Minister of Defense of Hungary 

Ambassador Robert E. Hunter
United States Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council 

5:00 P.M. End of session.
6:30 P.M. Departure for National Theater (former State Opera) from Victoria Intercontinental Hotel.
7:00 P.M. Ballet at the National Theater (former State Opera) in celebration of Warsaw's 400th Anniversary as the Capital of Poland in the presence of His Excellency Aleksander Kwasniewski, President of the Republic of Poland.
10:10 P.M. Reception and dinner at the National Theater hosted by President of the Polish Republic Aleksander Kwasniewski. 

WELCOME REMARKS: President of the Polish Republic Aleksander Kwasniewski

"NATO--the Safeguard of Stability and Peace in the Euro-Atlantic Area"

His Excellency Václav Havel
President of the Czech Republic 

The future of NATO as an open alliance of democratic countries in the Euro-atlantic area, sharing and protecting common values. Regional conflicts, terrorism, and the struggle for power as topical risks. Two major tasks of NATO: adapting internally to the new conditions and defining ways for its enlargement and a timetable. The relationship between NATO and Russia in the new situation.

12:35 A.M. Arrival at Victoria Intercontinental Hotel.
Chairman: Dr. Frank B. Horton, III
Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense 

Ambassador Horst Holthoff
Deputy Secretary General, Western European Union 

The role of WEU in the future European Security Architecture. Political-military aspects of that role. The ways WEU can contribute to security and stability in Europe, including the enhancement of European responses in crisis prevention and crisis management. Recent developments of WEU since the mid-1980's and the Maastricht Treaty: WEU operational development, WEU relations with NATO, implications of the CJTF concept, and examples of WEU crisis management operations. Relationships between the WEU, EU, and NATO.

Mr. Sergio Vieira de Mello, Assistant High Commissioner
U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees

Security of peoples and states. How population movements caused by various reasons including humanitarian problems and violations of human rights could threaten regional stability, and therefore need to be prevented. Analysis of the recent efforts by states to address the problems of population movements in the CIS countries; one of the major objectives being the prevention of unnecessary population movements.

10:15 A.M. Break
Chairman: Lieutenant General Paul Addy, Canadian Military Representative to NATO Military Committee

General Klaus Naumann
Chairman of the NATO Military Committee

11:10 A.M. End of session. CHANGE TO CASUAL ATTIRE.
11:30 P.M. - 1:30 P.M. Excursion to the Castle at Pultusk.
1:30 P.M. Lunch at Pultusk Castle given by His Excellency Stanislaw Dobrzanski, Defense Minister of the Republic of Poland. Toast by Defense Minister Stanislaw Dobrzanski.
4:00 P.M. National Folk Song and Dance Ensemble "Mazowsze."
5:00 P.M. Informal activities at the bank of the Narew River. Regional Folk Bands. Available horses, carriages, and gondola boats on the river. Grill and open bar.
9:00 P.M. Arrival at Victoria Intercontinental Hotel.
SUNDAY, 23 JUNE 1996
8:00 A.M. to 11:00 A.M. End of Workshop. Departure for Warsaw Airport.

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